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North Korea: Witness to Transformation

The AFSC In–and On–North Korea

by | April 11th, 2013 | 07:00 am

Amidst all the troubles, it is worth pausing to spotlight the good humanitarian work done by NGOs working in North Korea. We were recently reminded by of the work of the American Friends Service Committee.  In 1997, AFSC was one of several NGOs that received permission to work directly with cooperative farms. Since then, it has sustained a relationship with four farms. An interesting feature of their work is financing study tours to China that have combined visits to Chinese greenhouses—technical light years ahead of North Korean practice—as well as small sustainable farmers from the US . This strategy comports with our longstanding injunction to “get people in, get people out.”

An interesting additional feature of the AFSC is their pacifist orientation to this and all military conflict. Much to their credit, the AFSC issued a strong statement condemning the third nuclear test. They have now issued a strong statement condemning the current escalatory spiral. We reproduce the statement below (thanks to Michael Munk). As we always say, no one has particularly good ideas on how to proceed so its always worthwhile to listen to all voices out there.

Statement in Response to U.S. Simulated Nuclear Attacks on North Korea and Cyber Attacks in North and South Korea

The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) has long opposed military actions on the Korean peninsula that serve to deepen and prolong a conflict that has persisted since the Korean War.  This month another round of military actions and escalations by all parties are now underway in the region, including repeated simulated U.S. nuclear attacks against North Korea by B-2 and B-52 bombers in the midst of ongoing U.S.-South Korean war games.  We call once again for an end to such provocative actions and a concerted effort to de-escalate and resolve the longstanding regional conflict that has taken a deep, generations-long toll on the region.

Such simulations and the history of U.S. nuclear threats during past Korean crises contributed to the development of North Korea’s nuclear arsenal and its recent nuclear test, threatening to ignite a regional nuclear arms race.  Military threats made routinely by North and South Korea as well as recent and possibly related cyber-attacks against North Korean media outlets and against South Korean broadcasters and banks further escalate the conflict.

Provocations of this sort – routine or otherwise – can too easily lead to miscalculations, and generate fears and passions that make it difficult for political leaders to respond with necessary caution. We are sobered by the memory of how such miscalculations have triggered cataclysmic wars in the past and even brought nuclear powers to the brink of all-out war.

The escalation of tensions and confrontations needs to be halted

·         AFSC urges all parties to step back from further provocations.

·         AFSC further calls for the suspension of war games and military exercises on all sides. In particular, the U.S. should halt its provocative simulated nuclear attacks which are more likely to reinforce the DPRK’s commitment to its incipient nuclear arsenal, rather than to open a constructive dialogue.

To set relations on a better course:

·         AFSC urges renewed diplomatic engagement and negotiations between the North and South Korean Governments.

·         Echoing the views of former U.S. Ambassador to South Korea Donald Gregg, AFSC reminds the U.S. government that sanctions and military threats will not succeed in ending decades of militarized tensions. The Obama Administration should reach out to North Korea with the goal of negotiating a peace agreement to finally end the Korean War

Philadelphia, PA  – March 30, 2013

Contact:  Alexis Moore (215-241-7060)